Principles of thinking for Learning:That teachers plan activities which engage students in higher order thinking; That students have a and develop a vocabulary to discuss and explore their thinking; That students are explicitly taught how to be better/deeper thinkers that students increasingly are able to select appropriate thinking tools to help them organize and structure their thinking. We define these skills as:
Information-processing skills: These enable students to locate and collect relevant information; to sort, classify, sequence, compare and contrast and to analyse part/whole relationships.
Reasoning skills: These enable students to give reasons for opinions and actions, to draw inferences and make deductions, to use precise language to explain what they think, and to make judgements and decisions informed by reasons or evidence.
Enquiry skills: These enable pupils to ask questions, to pose and define problems, to plan what to do and how to research, to predict outcomes and anticipate consequences and to test conclusions and improve ideas.
Creative thinking skills: These enable students to generate and extend ideas, to suggest hypotheses, to apply imagination and to look for alternative innovative outcomes.
Evaluation skills: These enable students to evaluate information to judge the value of what they read, hear and do, to develop criteria for judging the value of their own and others’ work or ideas and to have confidence in their judgements.
An academic article on metacognition and self regulation...